The Cold War ended in 1990, but Russia is still fighting for the liberation of the American influence on her the technology sector. Minister of Communications of the country announced plans to create a new mobile operating system to challenge iOS and Android in all BRICS countries.
Meanwhile, another Russian company develops its own CPUs in an attempt to counter Intel and AMD.
According to the Russian newspaper RBC Finance, the Ministry of Communications has launched a project to replace the Android and iOS, held meetings with representatives of the Finnish company Jolla, which discussed the issue of creating a new mobile operating system open source Sailfish.
The Minister of Communications Nikolay Nikiforov told RBC that wants to reduce by 2025 the proportion of non-domestic mobile operating systems to 50%. According to analysts Gartner, the market share of Android mobile operating system in Russia is 81%, while iOS has 15%.
Sailfish OS currently owns only 0.5% of the Russian market, even lower than Windows Mobile and Blackberry. But thanks to the open source code of the operating system, which allows any interested party to use it as a basis for their own software, but also because of the lack of ties with the US (unlike Android, which has the same open source code, but that is almost entirely controlled by Google) Sailfish is a strong contender for the role of the future Russian open system.
The company founded by former employees Jolla Finnish Nokia, gone out when Nokia decided to abandon its OS MeeGo, is in its infancy, and prefer to work smartphones on Microsoft. A key component was the MeeGo open source, and new employees Jolla Sailfish created based on it.
In the future, he hopes to expand Nikiforov Sailfish, turning it into a full-fledged international system. Shortly after meeting with representatives Jolla, he said that the operating system will create a “Finnish-Russian-Chinese company,” to which at some point may join “India, Brazil and South Africa.” Thus, in the future it may be used by all member countries of the BRICS association. Nikiforov told RBC that hopes to join this work IT-companies from other BRICS countries. Member States may create for their employees additional incentives, paying from the state treasury 20% of their working time, they should be given to work on the collective initiatives of BRICS, such as the new OS.
In other areas, Russian companies have already They began to present their own alternative to foreign technology products. Company-developer of universal microprocessors MCST, established in 1992 as the successor state of LLP “Moscow Center for SPARC-technologies” of the Soviet era, begins to supply the computer “Elbrus-4C”, which became the latest model in a line of hardware, the development of which is conducted with the 1970s .
Unlike previous models of “Elbrus” at 4C has such characteristics as a 64-bit x86 code that allows programs written for most Western computers that have processors such as AMD and Intel . According to news site Information Technology Ars Technica, the new microprocessor “probably a few years behind the western chips, but it is difficult to make direct comparisons».
Computer “Elbrus” still working on the basis of its own, and a peculiar set of commands, but they can in real time to translate programs written for the more common x86 hardware with the code. This means that the computer is able to use the Windows operating system of Microsoft. In addition, the company sells with your computer, in which there is a version of Linux open source software, also bears the name of “Elbrus».